Wheat

The cultivation of wheat (Triticum spp.) reaches far back into history. Wheat was one of the first domesticated food crops and for 8000 years has been the basic staple food of the major civilizations of Europe, West Asia and North  Today, wheat is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop and continues to be the  most important food grain source for humans. Its production leads all crops, including rice, maize and potatoes.
Wheat is the main staple food of the people of Pakistan and the country's most important strategic agricultural commodity. It is grown by 80% of the farmers (more than a million), on close to 40% of the total cultivated area and 65% of the food crops area in the country. It roughly contributes 12.5% to the value added agriculture and 3.1% to GDP. The per capita wheat consumption of the country (130 kg a year) is among the highest in the world.

Wheat Research Institute, Faisalabad

Varieties

Year of Release

1000 kernel weight (g)

Bushel Weight (kg/hl)

Protein %

Bread Baking quality Scores

Chapati Making quality

Yield Potential (kg/ha)

C518

1933

33.14

76.3

14.7

62.2

Fair

2890

C591

1934

35.08

77.2

13.7

69.5

Good

2730

C228

1941

38.96

77.5

12.5

78.5

Excellent

2400

C217

1944

33.16

76.2

15.1

70.0

Fair

2000

C-250

1944

32.06

75.9

15.5

69.4

Good

2400

C271

1957

28.56

71.7

15.8

70.0

Good

2680

C273

1957

34.60

73.1

15.2

76.0

Excellent

2525

Mexi-Pak

1965

34.54

72.4

12.6

68.5

Good

6252

Chenab70

1970

39.80

74.4

13.2

65.5

Fair

6000

Barani 70

1970

38.68

71.7

14.1

69.0

Good

6000

SA42

1971

48.66

77.7

14.2

69.0

Good

5073

Blue Silver

1971

45.02

77.7

13.2

63.8

Fair

5513

Lyp 73

1973

41.98

76.5

13.0

67.0

F. Good

5757

Sandal

1973

41.28

77.3

13.1

70.0

Good

5220

PARI 73

1973

39.22

71.9

13.4

70.4

Good

6125

Pothowar

1973

38.38

76.5

15.0

68.5

Good

5693

Yecora

1975

41.02

74.7

13.8

70.5

V. Good

5693

SA75

1975

33.67

76.4

13.8

72.0

Good

6135

Punjab76

1976

37.28

75.0

13.0

71.4

F. Good

6125

WL711

1978

41.16

77.2

12.9

68.5

Good

5838

Sonalika

1978

44.80

76.8

12.4

64.4

Fair

6000

Pavon

1978

30.71

76.9

12.4

73.0

Excellent

5000

Chenab 79

1979

37.51

80.2

10.9

68.8

F. Good

6000

Indus 79

1979

40.08

78.6

11.8

77.3

V. Good

5000

Bahawalpur 79

1979

39.88

77.6

11.0

67.7

V. Good

5000

Punjab 81

1981

45.26

76.1

12.2

68.1

Fair

6300

Pak 81

1981

35.02

72.3

14.4

73.0

V. Good

6800

Kohinoor 83

1983

36.14

74.7

12.8

66.8

F. Good

6000

Faisalabad 83

1983

41.70

75.6

12.8

61.1

F. Good

6000

Barani 83

1983

37.16

72.0

14.7

69.2

F. Good

5500

Punjab 85

1985

42.72

78.8

14.6

72.1

Good

6300

Faisalabad 85

1985

42.72

78.8

14.6

70.0

Good

5500

Chakwal 86

1986

40.04

72.8

12.7

66.0

F. Good

4500

Pasban 90

1990

36.34

77.5

13.7

70.0

Good

6500

Rohtas 90

1990

35.30

77.6

13.3

69.8

Good

5900

Inqilab 91

1991

42.36

79.8

13.2

71.5

Good

6800

Parwaz 94

1994

46.84

75.6

13.4

69.9

Good

5555

Shahkar 95

1996

41.28

77.5

13.0

70.0

Good

5900

Punjab 96

1996

39.72

75.5

12.9

72.3

F. Good

6675

MH 97

1998

37.42

75.0

12.4

72.5

V. Good

6800

Kohistan97

1998

37.40

76.5

13.4

71.3

Good

6100

Durum 97

1998

55.60

79.4

10.3

60.0

F.  Good

7100

Uqab 2000

2000

43.28

78.4

12.9

72.2

Good

6900

Chenab 2000

2000

45.94

77.5

13.3

73.6

Good

6800

Iqbal2000

2000

40.00

77.6

13.1

74.0

Good

5500

AS 2002

2002

47.20

76.7

13.3

69.3

F.Good

6750

SH 2002

2002

41.68

78.0

13.3

72.5

Good

6900

Seher 2006

2006

41.83

77.8

12.9

70.2

Good

7000

Shafaq 2006

2006

41.40

78.9

14.9

71.9

Good

6000

Lasani 2008

2008

41.73

83.4

14.4

66.0

Good

6100

FSD. 08

2008

42.22

76.4

12.6

70.0

F. Good

6732

AARI 2011

2011

41.76

79.28

11.93

71.45

Good

6563

Punjab 2011

2011

44.7

75.5

13.72

69.75

Good

6893

Millat 2011

2011

42.84

78.24

13.82

69.53

Good

6358

Galaxy 2013

2013

45.63

76.21

13.54

-

Good

7900

Ujala-16 2016 40.0 71.8 14.7 70.3 V.Good 6739

Barani Agricultural Research Institute, Chakwal

Varieties

Year of Release

000 kernel weight (g)

Bushel Weight (Kg/hl)

Protein%

Chapatti Making Quality

Yield Potential Kg/Ha

Special Features if any

Ihsan-16 2016 38 75.10 12.31 Very Good 6500 Ug-99 resistant
FatehJang 16 2016 44.3 78 15.6 Very Good 5500 High Tillering
Dharabi-11 2011 42.47 75.63 12.17 Very Good 6000 Tolerant to leaf and yellow rust