Soil Chemistry Section, AARI. Faisalabad

The Soil Chemistry Section was established with the establishment of Punjab Agricultural College Lyallpur (Faisalabad) in 1907. The limited objectives of the section were to determine the nutritional requirements of major crops. With time and according to the need new sections i.e. Soil Biochemistry (1954), Soil Fertility Research Institute (1968), Soil Bacteriology (1975) and Soil Salinity Research Institute (1981) were emerged from this section. Due to changing scenario of climate and environmental pollution threats, the Soil Chemistry Section was upgraded as Institute of Soil Chemistry and Environmental Sciences in January 2009 by bringing various laboratories under one umbrella. With the establishment of this institute the work related to soil chemistry, the pollution problem caused by the agricultural inputs i.e. fertilizers and pesticides and pesticide quality control is being dealt more effectively and efficiently.


The mission is in line with goals of the Agriculture Sector to provide food safety / security to the people without any risk of contamination/pollution caused by the agricultural inputs like fertilizers and pesticides. So The Institute of Soil Chemistry and Environmental Sciences addresses the environmental issues emerging by the misuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides like nitrate leaching in ground water, pesticide residues in food crops, vegetables, fruits etc., heavy metal contamination of soil and vegetables by the use of untreated sewage and industrial water near big cities.


  • To mitigate problums related to environmental pollution by agricultural inputs
  • Safe use of domestic and industrial wastes for agriculture
  • Study of nutrient dynamics in soil
  • Integrated use of plant nutrition and organic farming
  • Chemical fertilizers, their behavior and effects on soil properties
  • Use of macro and micronutrients for crops, vegetables and fruits
  • Long term effect of chemical fertilizers on soil health and crops yield
  • Monitoring the impact of sewage/industrial effluent irrigation on soil /plant health and environment
  • Nutrients dynamics and Chemistry of soils under Climate Change Scenarios.
  • Organic farming and IPNM for quality enhancement of food commodities
  • Environmental protection through efficient monitoring system
  • Long term effect of fertilizer use in agriculture.
  • Crop residue and farm waste management for plant nutrition.
  • Diagnosis of macro and micronutrients deficiencies in vegetables/fruits and their remedies.
  • Promotion of Alternate crops under waste water irrigation.
  • Promotion of 4Rs (Right time, right method of application, right amount and right placement.  
  • Nutrient Indexing in High pH Soils of Punjab.
  • Nano-fertigation: A sustainable delivery system to enhance nutrient use   efficiency
  • Research on waste water management and its use for non-edibles corps

Research Activities


Environment Pollution

(Dr. Ana Aslam,Dr. Muhammad Arfan ul Haq, Dr. Muhammad Aftab, Dr. Muhammad Arif, and Aamer Sattar)

Nutrients use efficiency

(Sadia Sultana, Nisa Mukhtar, Raheela Naz, Amna Kalsom, Farah Rasheed, Dr. Ana Aslam, Dr. Ifra Saleem, Dr. Muhammad Arif and Aamer Sattar)

Nutrient Dynamics

(Sadia Sultana, Raheela Naz, Dr. Muhammad Arif, Dr. Qudsia Nazir and Aamer Sattar)

Fertilizer and Soil Health

Raheela Naz, Farah Rasheed and Dr. Muhamamd Arfan ul Haq

Completed Research Activities

  • Soil physical degradation  assessment using “s- index” as affected by long term use of fertilizers (0-15 cm)
  • Long-term effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer use on micronutrients and heavy metals  status of soil
  • The efficiency and economics of phosphor-compost on maize yield
  • Efficiency of  different organic sources in reducing  lead  accumulation  in soil and crops
  • Long-term effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers use on cation exchange capacity (cmolc/kgof soil)
  • Removal and detoxification of soil contaminant (lead) through phytoremediation
  • Long-term effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer use on soil carbon & nitrogen sequestration
  • Effect of moringa leaf extract (mle) on the nutrient uptake and yield of okra
  • Effect of different organic sources on the availability of applied phosphate in different textures of soils
  • Effect of boron application on  seed quality (germination and vigor) of wheat
  • Fertilizer  requirement of medicinal plants (kalwanji)
  • Substitution of soil application  of urea with foliar application
  • To study the p use efficiency by wheat applied through conventional method and fertigation
  • Rate of release of nutrients  (NPK) from different sources of organic manures
  • Effect of humic acid on micronutrient availability to wheat
  • The effect of intensive cropping on k dynamics in soil
  • Comparative effect of organic & inorganic farming on garlic yield
  • Effect of sewage water on wheat yield
  • The boron adsorption in different soil series
  • Zn adsorption capacity in different soil series (µg/g)
  • Comparative effect of KCl (MOP) vs K2SO4 (SOP) on soil health and crop yield
  • Nitrate status of soil profile under long term fertilizer use
  • The  nitrogen use efficiency in wheat through  bed planting
  • Removal and detoxification of soil contaminant (lead) through phytoremediation
  • Effect of Zn on cd uptake in rice
  • Effect of moringa leaf extract (mle) on the nutrient uptake and yield of cauliflower
  • Effect of moringa leaf extract (mle) on the nutrient uptake and yield of wheat
  • Evaluation of hybrid maize response to soil applied and foliar zinc application
  • Effect of manganese application on maize under high pH and different textured soils (pot experiment)
  • Evaluation of foliar application of potassium vs. Soil application for wheat
  • Effect of humic acid foliar spray and nitrogen fertilizer management on wheat yield
  • Bio-fortification of zinc and iron in wheat grain
  • Bio-fortification of zinc and iron in maize grain 
  • Effects of biochar application to soil on the bioavailability of heavy metals in rice paddy and straw (pot experiment)
  • Use of bio-slurry and chemical fertilizers for cereal production
  • Mitigation of water logging stress in cotton by  potassium application as a foliar spray
  • Effect of urea application through different methods on seed cotton yield and nitrogen content in cotton leaves
  • Use of bioslurry and chemical fertilizer
  • Concentration of lead and cadmium in soil and wheat grown along with roads
  • Biochar application to soil on the bioavailability of heavy metals
  • Biosorbents and heavy metals adsorption capacity
  • Wheat root growth and yield in response to soil porosity changes under different irrigation regimes
  • Response of wheat to split doses of potash
  • Response of hybrid maize to split doses of potash
  • Evaluation of different models of fertilizer  requirement for yield prediction of  maize
  • Evaluation of bio solids as an organic source for maize crop
  • Effect of phosphorus and zinc application at two different growth stages on phytin contents in wheat grain
  • Nitrate status of soil and water in areas where high doses of nitrogen are being applied (Khanewal)
  • Evaluation of bio solids (sludge) as an organic source for wheat crop
  • Effect of foliar phosphorus application on the yield of wheat
  • Influence of sulphur on the oil quality of hybrid maize
  • Influence of sulphur on growth, yield and oil quality of canola
  • Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of hybrid maize
  • Effect of different level of potassium and different source of nitrogen on maize grain yield (t/ha)
  • Heavy metals in waste water collected from different main drains of Faisalabad district

Contact Us

Chief Scientist
Soil Chemistry Section, ISCES, AARI, Faisalabad
Phone: 041-9200745