Mission & Objectives
- Evolution of widely adaptable varieties having desired economic characters.
- To develop package of production technology for optimum cane and sugar yield.
- To evaluate varieties for higher sugar contents.
- To produce clones having desired parental characters and to raise seedlings for selection of elite clones.
- To evolve varieties having high yield and quality potential for different soil and climatic conditions.
- To evolve varieties resistant to insect pests, diseases, lodging, drought, frost and soil hazards.
- To determine optimum planting and harvesting schedule of varieties to obtain maximum cane and sugar yield.
- To develop package of production technology to improve cane and sugar yield from plant and ratoon crop.
- To find out most economical fertilizer doses for optimum yield.
- To develop technology to minimize sugar losses during harvesting and processing of cane.
The research work pertaining to varietal evolution consists of various selection stages from growing of seedlings from the cane fuzz collected from different sources to the final stage of selection. The promising clones are tested in different phases of selection i.e. seedling, nursery, semi-final and final varietal trials. The promising cultivars are further tested under different agro-ecological zones of the Punjab for their adaptability.
The variety development program is based mainly on the imported germ plasm including fuzz and cultivars from Sri Lanka, Mauritius, West Indies, South Africa, canal Point (Florida) USA, Australia and local sources include the collection of open pollinated cane fuzz from Murree.
The work on wider row planting is being concluded and will be an adoptable system for cane mechanization in the province. Studies on irrigation x fertilizer interaction with cane varieties are also important feature of research plan. The work is being carried out on ratoon yield improvement besides the varietal behavior of ratooning.
In variety selection work, main emphasis is laid on disease resistance/tolerance. The studies have helped to give information on reaction of promising lines to various insects. Identified new strains of Red Rot and evaluated resistant lines/clones against the strains.
The low sugar recovery and cane yields of the province can be improved with the introduction of high quality new germ-plasm and advance production technology.