Guar Research Station, Bahawalpur

Government of the Punjab, Agriculture Department established a Guar Research Sub-Station in the year 1973-74 at Bahawalpur for the improvement of Guar crop. After that in 1983-84 a development scheme, “Intensification of Research on Fodder” was approved by the Govt. of Punjab and a post of Guar Botanist was sanctioned at Bahawalpur. In 1986-87, this development scheme was converted into Non-development project and a full-fledged Agricultural Research Station started work under the control of the Director, Fodder Research Institute, Sargodha. This station mainly deals with guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. (Taub)] crop. Guar is a drought tolerant, summer annual legume, well adapted to arid and semi-arid regions of Pakistan. Although, guar is considered to be a minor crop, it has a larger role among the domesticated plants that supply the food and needs of human beings as it contains a high content of nutritional quality protein. Guar is the only commercially exploited source of a very valuable product called “Galactomannan” (guar gum, 25-35%) derived from its endosperm.

 

 

Guar gum has diversified industrial applications e.g. food, pharmaceutical, textile industry, drugs, paper, cosmetics, tobacco, oil & gas well drilling, hydraulic fracking, fish farming, poultry and cattle feed, paint, leather, firefighting, explosive, beverages, confectionary, dairy products, baby pampers, mosquito mats, photography, mining, construction and so on. It is also used for vegetable, green manuring, guar meal and fodder purposes. On account of industrial value, guar has great demand from foreign countries like USA, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, UAE, Lesotho, South Africa, Hong Kong, China, Japan, Australia, etc. Pakistan exports guar and guar products to more than 60 countries of the world. Guar gum is an important source for foreign exchange earnings. World’s most of the guar is grown in tropical deserts of Indo-Pak Sub Content. India produces 75% of guar, Pakistan 20% and only 5% is produced by the other countries (USA, S. Africa, Sudan and Australia). Keeping in view the importance of its seed, this station is conducting research to develop high yielding, early maturing, drought tolerant and disease and insect resistant varieties of guar with high gum contents.

This station also conducts Adaptability fodder yield trials of Lucerne, Berseem, Oats, Sorghum, Maize and Pearl Millets and produces BNS and pre-basic seed of these crops.

Research Activities

  • Collection, maintenance and evaluation of guar germplasm

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Hybridization and study of filial generations of Guar

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas, Mr. Muhammad Shahjhan Bukhari,

Mr. Muhammad Zubair, Mr. Rahmat Ullah and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Identification of promising progenies of Guar

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Irradiation of Guar seed to create genetic variability

Team Members: Mr. Muhammad Zubair and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Preliminary yield trials of Guar

Team Members: Mr. Muhammad Zubair and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Regular yield trial of Guar

Team Members: Mr. Muhammad Shahjhan Bukhari and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Advance Guar yield trial

Members: Mr. Muhammad Shahjhan Bukhari and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Zonal Guar yield trial

Team Members: Mr. Rahmat Ullah and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • National uniform Guar yield trial

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Evaluation of advanced lines of Guar under drought stress conditions

Team Members: Mr. Rahmat Ullah and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Screening of new Guar strains against insect pests & diseases

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Development of production technology for new guar varieties to harvest maximum yield

Team Members: Mr. Muhammad Imran Akram and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Production of BNS and pre-basic seed of Guar, Lucerne, Berseem, Oats and Sorghum fodder crops

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas, Mr. Muhammad Shahjhan Bukhari, Mr. Muhammad Zubair, Mr. Rahmat Ullah and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

  • Adaptability fodder yield trials of Lucerne, Berseem, Oats, Sorghum, Maize and Pearl Millets

Team Members: Mr. Rashid Minhas, Mr. Muhammad Shahjhan Bukhari, Mr. Muhammad Zubair, Mr. Rahmat Ullah, Mr. Muhammad Imran Akram and Dr. Lal Hussain Akhtar

Contact Us

Principal Scientist
Mobile: 062-9255301