Wheat

Wheat Research Institute, Faisalabad

Research efforts for wheat improvement dates back to 1906 when Cereal Section was established at Lyallpur, which was up-graded to the status of Wheat Research Institute, Faisalabad in 1975. Wheat breeding in the sub-continent started during 1907 when a botanical survey was conducted and 25 landraces were identified among three species of wheat. These landraces provided the base for wheat research in this region and a regular breeding work was started which had resulted in the release of ten improved varieties from 1911-1965. Wheat Research Institute, Faisalabad has a glorious history. The varieties released so far are playing a pivotal role for increasing wheat production of the country in general, and Punjab in particular. In 1947-48 the country’s wheat production was 2.63 million tones which have reached to the level of above 25 million tones. Resultantly the country became almost self-sufficient in wheat production. The Scientists of the institute are in a continuous struggle to break the yield barriers. Their efforts are to move from green revolution to the gene revolution. The research team of Wheat Research Institute is well aware of the fact that during 2050 we will need about 37.14 million tons of wheat to feed 334.68 million population and the country must meet these requirements for its integrity.

 

 

Sr. No.

Varieties

Year of Release

Sowing Time

Yield Potential (Maund/Acre)

Recommended Areas

Salient Features

1000 Kernel Weight (g)

Bushel Weight (kg/hl)

Protein %

Bread Baking Quality Scores

Chapati Making Quality

1

C518

1933

1st October-31st  October

30

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

33.14

76.3

14.7

62.2

Fair

2

C591

1934

1st October-31st  October

28

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

35.08

77.2

13.7

69.5

Good

3

C228

1941

1st October-31st  October

25

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

38.96

77.5

12.5

78.5

Excellent

4

C217

1944

1st October-31st  October

21

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

33.16

76.2

15.1

70.0

Fair

5

C-250

1944

1st October-31st  October

25

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

32.06

75.9

15.5

69.4

Good

6

C271

1957

1st October-31st  October

28

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

28.56

71.7

15.8

70.0

Good

7

C273

1957

1st October-31st  October

26

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

34.60

73.1

15.2

76.0

Excellent

8

Mexi-Pak

1965

10th October-10th November

64

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

34.54

72.4

12.6

68.5

Good

9

Chenab70

1970

10th October-10th November

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

39.80

74.4

13.2

65.5

Fair

10

Barani 70

1970

10th October-10th November

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

38.68

71.7

14.1

69.0

Good

11

SA42

1971

10th October-10th November

53

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

48.66

77.7

14.2

69.0

Good

12

Blue Silver

1971

10th October-10th November

56

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

45.02

77.7

13.2

63.8

Fair

13

Lyp 73

1973

10th October-10th November

58

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.98

76.5

13.0

67.0

F. Good

14

Sandal

1973

10th October-10th November

53

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.28

77.3

13.1

70.0

Good

15

PARI 73

1973

10th October-10th November

63

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

39.22

71.9

13.4

70.4

Good

16

Pothowar

1973

10th October-10th November

58

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

38.38

76.5

15.0

68.5

Good

17

Yecora

1975

10th October-10th November

58

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.02

74.7

13.8

70.5

V. Good

18

SA75

1975

10th October-10th November

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

33.67

76.4

13.8

72.0

Good

19

Punjab76

1976

10th October-10th November

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

37.28

75.0

13.0

71.4

F. Good

20

WL711

1978

10th October-10th November

60

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.16

77.2

12.9

68.5

Good

21

Sonalika

1978

10th October-10th November

61

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

44.80

76.8

12.4

64.4

Fair

22

Pavon

1978

10th October-10th November

52

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

30.71

76.9

12.4

73.0

Excellent

23

Chenab 79

1979

10th October-10th November

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

37.51

80.2

10.9

68.8

F. Good

24

Indus 79

1979

10th October-10th November

51

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

40.08

78.6

11.8

77.3

V. Good

25

Bahawalpur 79

1979

10th October-10th November

51

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

39.88

77.6

11.0

67.7

V. Good

26

Punjab 81

1981

25th Otober-30th November

65

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

45.26

76.1

12.2

68.1

Fair

27

Pak 81

1981

25th Otober-30th November

69

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

35.02

72.3

14.4

73.0

V. Good

28

Kohinoor 83

1983

25th Otober-30th November

61

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

36.14

74.7

12.8

66.8

F. Good

29

Faisalabad 83

1983

25th Otober-30th November

61

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.70

75.6

12.8

61.1

F. Good

30

Barani 83

1983

25th Otober-30th November

56

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

37.16

72.0

14.7

69.2

F. Good

31

Punjab 85

1985

25th Otober-30th November

65

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

42.72

78.8

14.6

72.1

Good

32

Faisalabad 85

1985

25th Otober-30th November

56

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

42.72

78.8

14.6

70.0

Good

33

Chakwal 86

1986

25th Otober-30th November

46

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

40.04

72.8

12.7

66.0

F. Good

34

Pasban 90

1990

25th Otober-30th November

66

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

36.34

77.5

13.7

70.0

Good

35

Rohtas 90

1990

25th Otober-30th November

60

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

35.30

77.6

13.3

69.8

Good

36

Inqilab 91

1991

1st November-10th December

71

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

42.36

79.8

13.2

71.5

Good

37

Parwaz 94

1994

1st November-20th December

56

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

46.84

75.6

13.4

69.9

Good

38

Shahkar 95

1996

1st November-10th December

60

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.28

77.5

13.0

70.0

Good

39

Punjab 96

1996

1st November-10th December

68

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

39.72

75.5

12.9

72.3

F. Good

40

MH 97

1998

1st November-10th December

70

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

37.42

75.0

12.4

72.5

V. Good

41

Kohistan97

1998

1st November-10th December

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

37.40

76.5

13.4

71.3

Good

42

Durum 97

1998

1st November-10th December

72

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

55.60

79.4

10.3

60.0

F.  Good

43

Uqab 2000

2000

1st November-10th December

70

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

43.28

78.4

12.9

72.2

Good

44

Chenab 2000

2000

1st November-10th December

70

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

45.94

77.5

13.3

73.6

Good

45

Iqbal2000

2000

1st November-10th December

56

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

40.00

77.6

13.1

74.0

Good

46

AS 2002

2002

1st November-10th December

68

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

47.20

76.7

13.3

69.3

F.Good

47

SH 2002

2002

1st November-10th December

70

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.68

78.0

13.3

72.5

Good

48

Seher 2006

2006

1st November-10th December

71

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.83

77.8

12.9

70.2

Good

49

Shafaq 2006

2006

1st November-20th December

61

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.40

78.9

14.9

71.9

Good

50

Lasani 2008

2008

1st November-10th December

62

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.73

83.4

14.4

66.0

Good

51

FSD. 08

2008

1st November-10th December

68

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

42.22

76.4

12.6

70.0

F. Good

52

AARI 2011

2011

1st November-10th December

67

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.76

79.28

11.93

71.45

Good

53

Punjab 2011

2011

1st November-10th December

70

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

44.7

75.5

13.72

69.75

Good

54

Millat 2011

2011

1st November-10th December

64

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

42.84

78.24

13.82

69.53

Good

55

Galaxy 2013

2013

1st November-10th December

80

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

45.63

76.21

13.54

72.1

Good

56

Ujala 2016

2016

1st November-20th December

68

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

40.0

71.8

14.7

70.3

V.Good

57

Anaj 2017

2017

1st November-10th December

76

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

40.12

76.5

14.5

71.5

Good

58

Akbar 2019

2019

1st November-10th December

76

All Irrigated Areas of Punjab

41.0 76.0 14.0 72.0

V.Good

 

Barani Agricultural Research Institute, Chakwal

 

Sr. No.

Variety Name

Year of Release

Sowing Time

Yield Potential

(Maunds/ Acre)

Recommended Areas

Salient Features

1 Chakwal-86 1986 20th October-20th November 63.76 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Disease Resistant
2 Rawal-87 1987 20th October-20th November 42.08 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Disease Resistant
3 Pothwar-93  1994 20th October-20th November 78.19 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Disease Resistant
4 Kohsar-95 1995 20th October-20th November 85.97 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Disease Resistant
5 Chakwal-97 1997 20th October-20th November 110.60 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Disease Resistant
6 G.A-2002 2002 20th October-20th November 85.80 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Disease Resistant
7 Chakwal-50 2008 20th October-20th November 105.13 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Disease Resistant
  • High Tillering
  • High Yielding
  • Lodging Resistant
  • Excellent Chapati Making Quality
8 Bars-09  2009 20th October-20th November 48.53 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Disease Tolerant
  • High Yielding
9 Dharabi-11 2011 20th October-20th November 60.32 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Tall variety
  • Ug-99 Race Resistant
  • High Yielding
  • White Grain
10 Ehsan 16 2016 20th October-20th November 74.94 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Disease Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Drought Tolerant
11 Fateh Jang 16 2016 20th October-20th November 75.12 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Disease Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Reddish Grain
12 Barani-17 2017 20th October-20th November 75.35 Barani areas of Punjab
  • Disease Tolerant
  • High Yielding
  • Drought Tolerant
  • High Protein