Cotton

Pakistan is one of the ancient homes of cotton. The earliest known traces of cotton, in Pakistan, were “cotton seeds” found from Mehrgarh near Quetta which are as old as about 5000 BC. From here it spread to Indus valley, Harappa, Balakot and other parts of the country.  At present, Pakistan is the 5th largest producer of cotton and 3rd largest consumer /producer of cotton yarn in the world. About 1.3 million out of 5 million farmers cultivate cotton on an area of 6.0 million acres, covering 15% of cultivated area in the country. Cotton Crop has 0.8% share in GDP and contributes 5.2% in agriculture value addition.  Cotton has 51% share in total foreign exchange earnings of the country. The remarkable growth in cotton production facilitated the emergence of a large and vibrant textile industry with over 1000 ginning factories, 400 textile mills, 7 million spindles, 27000 looms in the mill sector, over 25000 looms in the non-mill sector, 700 knitwear units, 4000 garment units, nearly1000 ginners and 5000 oil expellers making cotton industry the most important sector of the economy of Pakistan.

Primarily cotton is grown for its fiber which is a hypoallergenic fabric as it does not cause or trigger allergies, or irritate sensitive skin. It is a good conductor of heat which is the reason it keeps us cool in hot weather and warm in cooler weather.  Besides fiber cotton seed has several other uses as well. The oil from cottonseed can be used for cooking or as part of many industrial products including soap, margarine, cosmetics, emulsifiers, rubbers, plastics and pharmaceuticals. Cottonseed oil is largely composed of unsaturated fats about 70%, and high levels of antioxidants such as Vitamin E that contribute to its long shelf life. Cotton has about 70% share in locally produced edible oil in Pakistan. Cotton seed cake is one of the major sources of cattle feed to enhance milk production in Pakistan. Even the stalk of the cotton plant is used as a fuel in rural areas, to develop ethanol in diesel or petrol blends and to improve soil organic matter. Cotton is mainly cultivated in two provinces. The Punjab, being the most conducive for cotton production, produces around 70% of country’s cotton followed by Sindh that contributes 28% of production. Cotton is grown on an area of 4.7 million acre in Punjab annually with a production of 7 million bales and lint yield of 700 kg/ha.  Major cotton growing districts in Punjab include Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Lodhran, Multan, Khanewal, Vehari, Sahiwal, Muzaffargarh, Rajanpur, D.G. Khan and Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute Multan and its allied research stations (CRS Bahawalpur, CRS Faisalabad, CRS Khanpur, CRS Sahiwal and CRS Vehari) working under Ayub Agricultural Research Institute Faisalabad have developed 59 varieties which have been cultivated on major area in  Punjab as well as in Sindh. 

 

 

Cotton Research Institute, Multan

 

Sr. No.

Varieties

Year of Release

Sowing Time

Yield Potential (Maunds/Acre)

Recommended Areas

Salient Features

G.O.T (%)

SL (mm)

Mike (μg/inch)

Strength (tppsi)

1

FH-152

2018

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

40.3

28.9

4.2

115.5

2

RH-662

2018

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions

39.9

29.1

4.3

105.3

3

RH-668

2018

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions

39.4

28.8

4.5

103.2

4

SLH-8

2018

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

41.0

30.1

4.3

96.3

5

FH-326

2017

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

Faisalabad, DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions

38.8

29.2

4.3

95.3

6

FH-Lalazar

2016

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

42.0

28.9

4.8

98.6

7

MNH-988

2016

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

42.0

28.5

4.8

96.1

8

VH-305

2016

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

39.8

28.1

4.8

96.0

9

BH-184

2016

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

40.0

28.7

4.9

95.5

10

RH-647

2016

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

40.2

28.3

4.2

99.2

11

VH-327

2016

1st April-31st May

35 to 40

DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions

37.7

30.2

3.9

101.0

12

FH-118

2013

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

39.2

28.0

4.2

100.8

13

FH-142

2013

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

40.0

29.0

4.7

99.6

14

BH-178

2013

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

41.5

29.5

4.9

98.6

15

VH-259

2013

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

39.5

27.5

4.9

93.0

16

FH-114

2012

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

39.6

28.1

4.9

95.5

17

MNH-886

2012

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

41.0

28.2

4.9

99.5

18

FH-942

2012

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

38.0

29.6

4.2

95.1

19

B H-167

2012

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

41.2

29.1

4.8

92.7

20

SLH-317

2012

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

38.0

29.8

4.4

96.7

21

FH-113

2010

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

40.0

28.0

4.7

98.0

22

CRSM-38

2009

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

39.5

29.0

4.5

95.0

23

MNH-786

2006

15th April-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

39.5

27.5

4.7

101.0

24

BH-160

2004

15th April-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

35.3

29.5

4.6

101.9

25

FH-1000

2003

15th April-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

38.8

27.5

4.9

96.9

26

FH900

2000

15th April-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

37.5

28.5

4.5

94.0

27

FH901

2000

15th April-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

38.2

26.7

5.1

92.0

28

MNH554

2000

15th April-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

43.0

28.5

4.3

98.9

29

MNH552

2000

15th April-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

40.0

27.5

5.2

96.3

30

BH-118

1999

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

37.5

28.5

4.7

96.9

31

FVH-53

1998

1st May-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

35.8

27.5

4.8

101.2

32

MNH329

1996

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

41.8

28.5

4.2

96.6

33

FH-634

1996

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

36.3

28.5

4.1

95.1

34

RH-112

1996

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

34.3

27.6

4.6

95.1

35

S-14

1995

1st May-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

43.9

29.5

4.2

93.6

36

SLS-1

1995

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

36.8

27.4

4.6

95.3

37

MNH147

1992

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

42.5

27.3

4.0

96.6

38

BH-36

1992

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

35.0

28.3

4.0

87.0

39

Gohar-87

1990

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

34.5

27.2

4.4

92.6

40

RH-1

1990

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

31.5

29.0

3.9

103.7

41

S-12

1988

1st May-31st May

35 to 40

All Areas of Punjab

41.2

28.2

4.4

93.0

42

FH-87

1988

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

33.8

28.5

4.3

95.0

43

MNH129

1985

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

38.6

28.7

4.4

95.4

44

SLH-41

1985

1st May-31st May

25 to 30

All Areas of Punjab

36.5

27.7

4.4

89.0

45

MS-84

1983

1st May-31st May

20 to 25

All Areas of Punjab

34.5

33.0

3.9

91.4

46

MNS-79

1983

1st May-31st May

20 to 25

All Areas of Punjab

36.5

27.5

4.4

99.3

47

MNH-93

1980

1st May-31st May

30 to 35

All Areas of Punjab

37.5

28.4

4.5

94.0

48

B-557

1975

1st May-10th June

20 to 25

All Areas of Punjab

34.5

27.5

4.5

92.5

49

149-F

1971

1st May-10th June

20 to 25

All Areas of Punjab

34.5

28.0

4.1

94.3

50

MS-40

1970

1st May-10th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

32.7

31.3

3.8

88.0

51

MS-39

1970

1st May-10th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

33.6

31.5

3.8

87.5

52

BS-1

1962

1st May-10th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

34.5

25.0

4.5

91.5

53

AC-134

1959

1st May-10th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

34.5

26.5

4.5

92.5

54

L-11

1959

1st May-10th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

33.7

27.7

4.0

90.0

55

199-F

1946

1st May-15th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

35.0

25.0

4.5

90.0

56

124-F

1945

1st May-15th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

33.0

25.0

4.7

95.0

57

289 F/43

1934

1st May-15th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

30.0

24.0

4.5

93.5

58

LSS

1933

1st May-15th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

32.0

23.0

5.0

85.0

59

4-F

1914

1st May-15th June

15 to 20

All Areas of Punjab

32.0

21.5

5.0

85.0