Cotton

Pakistan is one of the ancient homes of cotton. The earliest known traces of cotton, in Pakistan, were “cotton seeds” found from Mehrgarh near Quetta which are as old as about 5000 BC. From here it spread to Indus valley, Harappa, Balakot and other parts of the country.  At present, Pakistan is the 5th largest producer of cotton and 3rd largest consumer /producer of cotton yarn in the world. About 1.3 million out of 5 million farmers cultivate cotton on an area of 6.0 million acres, covering 15% of cultivated area in the country. Cotton Crop has 0.8% share in GDP and contributes 5.2% in agriculture value addition.  Cotton has 51% share in total foreign exchange earnings of the country. The remarkable growth in cotton production facilitated the emergence of a large and vibrant textile industry with over 1000 ginning factories, 400 textile mills, 7 million spindles, 27000 looms in the mill sector, over 25000 looms in the non-mill sector, 700 knitwear units, 4000 garment units, nearly1000 ginners and 5000 oil expellers making cotton industry the most important sector of the economy of Pakistan.

Primarily cotton is grown for its fiber which is a hypoallergenic fabric as it does not cause or trigger allergies, or irritate sensitive skin. It is a good conductor of heat which is the reason it keeps us cool in hot weather and warm in cooler weather.  Besides fiber cotton seed has several other uses as well. The oil from cottonseed can be used for cooking or as part of many industrial products including soap, margarine, cosmetics, emulsifiers, rubbers, plastics and pharmaceuticals. Cottonseed oil is largely composed of unsaturated fats about 70%, and high levels of antioxidants such as Vitamin E that contribute to its long shelf life. Cotton has about 70% share in locally produced edible oil in Pakistan. Cotton seed cake is one of the major sources of cattle feed to enhance milk production in Pakistan. Even the stalk of the cotton plant is used as a fuel in rural areas, to develop ethanol in diesel or petrol blends and to improve soil organic matter. Cotton is mainly cultivated in two provinces. The Punjab, being the most conducive for cotton production, produces around 70% of country’s cotton followed by Sindh that contributes 28% of production. Cotton is grown on an area of 4.7 million acre in Punjab annually with a production of 7 million bales and lint yield of 700 kg/ha.  Major cotton growing districts in Punjab include Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Lodhran, Multan, Khanewal, Vehari, Sahiwal, Muzaffargarh, Rajanpur, D.G. Khan and Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute Multan and its allied research stations (CRS Bahawalpur, CRS Faisalabad, CRS Khanpur, CRS Sahiwal and CRS Vehari) working under Ayub Agricultural Research Institute Faisalabad have developed 59 varieties which have been cultivated on major area in  Punjab as well as in Sindh. 

 

Cotton Research Institute, Multan

Sr. No.
Varieties
Year of Release
Sowing Time
Yield Potential (Maunds/Acre)
Recommended Areas
Salient Features
G.O.T (%)
SL (mm)
Mike (μg/inch)
Strength (tppsi)
1
4-F
1914
1st May-15th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
32.0
21.5
5.0
85.0
2
LSS
1933
1st May-15th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
32.0
23.0
5.0
85.0
3
289 F/43
1934
1st May-15th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
30.0
24.0
4.5
93.5
4
124-F
1945
1st May-15th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
33.0
25.0
4.7
95.0
5
199-F
1946
1st May-15th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
35.0
25.0
4.5
90.0
6
AC-134
1959
1st May-10th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
34.5
26.5
4.5
92.5
7
L-11
1959
1st May-10th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
33.7
27.7
4.0
90.0
8
BS-1
1962
1st May-10th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
34.5
25.0
4.5
91.5
9
MS-39
1970
1st May-10th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
33.6
31.5
3.8
87.5
10
MS-40
1970
1st May-10th June
15 to 20
All Areas of Punjab
32.7
31.3
3.8
88.0
11
149-F
1971
1st May-10th June
20 to 25
All Areas of Punjab
34.5
28.0
4.1
94.3
12
B-557
1975
1st May-10th June
20 to 25
All Areas of Punjab
34.5
27.5
4.5
92.5
13
MNH-93
1980
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
37.5
28.4
4.5
94.0
14
MS-84
1983
1st May-31st May
20 to 25
All Areas of Punjab
34.5
33.0
3.9
91.4
15
MNS-79
1983
1st May-31st May
20 to 25
All Areas of Punjab
36.5
27.5
4.4
99.3
16
MNH129
1985
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
38.6
28.7
4.4
95.4
17
SLH-41
1985
1st May-31st May
25 to 30
All Areas of Punjab
36.5
27.7
4.4
89.0
18
S-12
1988
1st May-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
41.2
28.2
4.4
93.0
19
FH-87
1988
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
33.8
28.5
4.3
95.0
20
Gohar-87
1990
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
34.5
27.2
4.4
92.6
21
RH-1
1990
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
31.5
29.0
3.9
103.7
22
MNH147
1992
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
42.5
27.3
4.0
96.6
23
BH-36
1992
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
35.0
28.3
4.0
87.0
24
S-14
1995
1st May-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
43.9
29.5
4.2
93.6
25
SLS-1
1995
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
36.8
27.4
4.6
95.3
26
MNH329
1996
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
41.8
28.5
4.2
96.6
27
FH-634
1996
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
36.3
28.5
4.1
95.1
28
RH-112
1996
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
34.3
27.6
4.6
95.1
29
FVH-53
1998
1st May-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
35.8
27.5
4.8
101.2
30
BH-118
1999
1st May-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
37.5
28.5
4.7
96.9
31
FH900
2000
15th April-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
37.5
28.5
4.5
94.0
32
FH901
2000
15th April-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
38.2
26.7
5.1
92.0
33
MNH554
2000
15th April-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
43.0
28.5
4.3
98.9
34
MNH552
2000
15th April-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
40.0
27.5
5.2
96.3
35
FH-1000
2003
15th April-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
38.8
27.5
4.9
96.9
36
BH-160
2004
15th April-31st May
30 to 35
All Areas of Punjab
35.3
29.5
4.6
101.9
37
MNH-786
2006
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
39.5
27.5
4.7
101.0
38
CRSM-38
2009
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
39.5
29.0
4.5
95.0
39
FH-113
2010
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
40.0
28.0
4.7
98.0
40
FH-114
2012
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
39.6
28.1
4.9
95.5
41
MNH-886
2012
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
41.0
28.2
4.9
99.5
42
FH-942
2012
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
38.0
29.6
4.2
95.1
43
B H-167
2012
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
41.2
29.1
4.8
92.7
44
SLH-317
2012
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
38.0
29.8
4.4
96.7
45
FH-118
2013
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
39.2
28.0
4.2
100.8
46
FH-142
2013
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
40.0
29.0
4.7
99.6
47
BH-178
2013
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
41.5
29.5
4.9
98.6
48
VH-259
2013
15th April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
39.5
27.5
4.9
93.0
49
FH-Lalazar
2016
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
42.0
28.9
4.8
98.6
50
MNH-988
2016
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
42.0
28.5
4.8
96.1
51
VH-305
2016
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
39.8
28.1
4.8
96.0
52
BH-184
2016
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
40.0
28.7
4.9
95.5
53
RH-647
2016
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
40.2
28.3
4.2
99.2
54
VH-327
2016
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions
37.7
30.2
3.9
101.0
55
FH-326
2017
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
Faisalabad, DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions
38.8
29.2
4.3
95.3
56
FH-152
2018
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
40.3
28.9
4.2
115.5
57
RH-662
2018
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions
39.9
29.1
4.3
105.3
58
RH-668
2018
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
DG Khan & Bahawalpur Divisions
39.4
28.8
4.5
103.2
59
SLH-8
2018
1st April-31st May
35 to 40
All Areas of Punjab
41.0
30.1
4.3
96.3