Cotton Research Station, Khanpur, district Rahim Yar Khan is a prestigious research station of Southern Punjab, Pakistan. In 1978-79 this Institute was established in District Rahimyar Khan which was later on shifted to Tehsil Khanpur of same district. It works under the Ayub Agriculture Research Institute, Faisalabad, which is under the administrative control of Govt. of the Punjab. The basic purpose of Cotton Research Station, Khanpur is to boost up cotton production in the region through research and development. As Pakistan is an agriculture-based country and 70% of its employment directly generates through agriculture. Similarly, cotton is a cash crop of Pakistan. It provides fiber, food and shelter. It is also a cheaper source of kitchen fuel (Cotton sticks) in rural areas of Pakistan. World’s population is increasing very rapidly and in the current scenario where there is limited arable resources/land and finite resources of water we have to enhance our productivity, which is only possible through research and development. Cotton Research Institute is situated 5km away from the main city at Chak 4, Khanpur. It has a total area of 39.4 acres from which 8.4 acres covered with offices, sheds and residential buildings & others. 31 acres are used for crop cultivation. It has the facility of library and fiber technology laboratory.