Mango

Mango Research Institute, Multan

Chaunsa Samar Bahisht

Origin and Adaptation: Chaunsa Samar Bahisht a local selection; a chance seedling in Fajri plantation in village “Chaunsa or Chausa” by a farmer Mir Khan Bahadur Altaf Rasul; very popular late season mango.
Maintainer: MRI, Multan; HRI, Mirpurkhas; ARI, Tarnab (GPU, DIK).
Tree: Large growing, vigorous, well branched, spreading tree.
Leaf: Foliage medium dense, dark green, leaf elliptical, midrib curvature medium, twisting weak, undulation weak, slight concave, length 25-28, width 8-10, petiole 1.5-2 cm, tip acute, base broader, upper surface smooth, veins grooved, fragrance strong, new flush light pink.
Inflorescence: Long, medium branched, medium compact, color light pink, flower light pink.
Mature Fruit: Medium to light green, size medium to large, ovate to oval oblong, neck absent, stalk medium, base obliquely flattened, apex rounded, right and left shoulders rounded, left shoulder elevated, beak weak to medium, sinus weak, fruit length 11-14, breadth 6-8, thickness 6-7 cm, weight 300-400g, skin smooth, bloom medium, lenticels density medium, size medium, medium conspicuous, whitish.
Ripe Fruit: Light yellow, skin medium thick, leathery, adherence medium, flesh pale yellow, texture very fine, firm, medium juicy, fibers medium, flavor rich, distinctive, very sweet, TSS 18-20%, acidity 0.17-0.18%.
Stone and Seed: Stone size medium, oblong, medium ridged, fibers medium, medium long, sparse on ventral edge, length 8-10, width 5-7, thickness 2-4 cm,, seed medium, mono-embryonic.
Yield: Good bearer.
Leading Characters: Chaunsa Samar Bahisht: A chance seedling selection, tree large, vigorous, spreading, foliage dark green, fruit size medium to large, shape ovate to oval oblong, color light green at maturity, yellow at ripening, sinus weak, lenticels medium, size medium, conspicuous, flesh pale yellow, texture very fine, medium juicy, sweet, flavor rich, distinctive, aromatic, stone ridged, fibers medium.

Anwar Retaul

Origin and Adaptation: Anwar Retaul a local selection, a chance seedling selected by a farmer Shaikh M. Aafaq in the village “Retaul”, midseason, popular commercial variety.
Maintainer: MRI, Multan; HRI, Mirpurkhas; ARI, Tarnab (GP, DIK).
Tree: Medium tall, vigorous, medium branched, semi erect to spreading, tendency for alternate bearing high.
Leaf: Foliage medium dense, medium green, leaf elliptical, midrib curvature weak, wisting weak, undulation weak, medium concave, length 20-30, width 4-7, petiole 3-6 cm, tip acute, base acuminate, fragrance weak, new flush light pink with midrib dark pink.
Inflorescence: Short to medium long, well branched, compact, stalk light pink, flower medium and light pink.
Mature Fruit: Good looking, green, size medium, ovate, neck absent, stalk cavity medium, base flattened, shoulders rounded right higher than left, beak and sinus weak to absent, apex rounded, fruit length 7-9, breadth 5-7, thickness 6-7 cm, weight 150-350g, skin smooth, bloom weak, lenticels medium dense, size medium, conspicuous, whitish.
Ripe Fruit: Skin pale yellow, medium thick, leathery, adherence medium, flesh reddish yellow, texture fine, medium firm, medium juicy, fibers rare, flavor strong and very pleasant with very sweet and wonderful taste, TSS 26-28%, acidity 0.17-0.18%.
Stone and Seed: Medium to small, medium thin, flattish, medium ridged, short and sparse fibers on ventral edge, length 4-6, width 2-3, thickness 2-3 cm, seed size medium large, mono-embryonic.
Yield: Good bearer.
Leading Characters: Anwar Retaul: Tree medium tall, spreading, less than Sindhri, alternate bearing high, new flush pink with dark pink midrib, fruit medium, ovate, color attractive yellow, lenticels conspicuous, flesh reddish yellow, medium juicy, fibers rare, flavor excellent, exceptionally favored for table purpose and Monsoon mango festivities.

Dosehri

Origin and Adaptation: Dosehri a local selection, a chance seedling from Malihabad Township, early to midseason, large scale popular variety.
Maintainer: MRI, Multan; HRI, Mirpurkhas; ARI, Tarnab (GPU, DIK).
Tree: Medium tall growing, moderately vigorous, spreading, regular bearer, very early to bear fruit.
Leaf: Foliage medium lax, droopy downward, medium green, leaf elliptical, midrib curvature medium, twisting weak, undulation weak, medium concave, length 18-22, width 4-7, petiole 3-4 cm, tip acute, base roundish, upper surface smooth, veins grooved, fragrance strong, new flush light yellowish green.
Inflorescence: Medium long, medium branched, medium compact, light green, flower light greenish.
Mature Fruit: Light green, size small to medium, oblong to oblong-oblique, neck absent, stalk bold, cavity absent, base flattened, apex rounded, left shoulder a bit elevated, beak absent, sinus absent to weak, fruit length 8-10, breadth 6-8, thickness 4-7 cm, weight 150-200g, skin smooth, bloom medium, lenticels density medium, size medium, medium conspicuous, whitish, store well.
Ripe Fruit: Yellow, skin thin, adherence medium, flesh lemon yellow, texture very fine, firm, medium juicy, fibers very low, flavor distinctive, rich, very sweet, TSS 21-22%, acidity 0.17-0.19%.
Stone and Seed: Stone small, oblong, medium ridged, fibers medium, long, sparse on ventral edge, length 5-8, width 2-4, thickness 2-4 cm, seed medium, mono-embryonic.
Yield: Good bearer.
Leading Characters: Dosehri: A chance seedling selection from Malihabad township, tree medium tall growing, spreading, fruit size medium to small, shape oblong to oblong-oblique, color light green at maturity, yellow at ripening, sinus very weak, lenticels density medium, size medium, conspicuous, flesh lemon yellow, texture very fine, fibers low, medium juicy, flavor rich, very sweet, stone thin, medium ridged, store well.

Langra

Origin and Adaptation: Langra a local selection from Hajipur or Banaras area, chance seedling, early to midseason, large scale popular commercial variety of the mango belt.
Maintainer: MRI, Multan; HRI, Mirpurkhas; ARI, Tarnab (GPU, DIK).
Tree: Medium large, moderately vigorous, spreading, rounded, tendency for alternate bearing high.
Leaf: Foliage medium dense, light green, leaf elliptical, midrib curvature medium, twisting absent to weak, medium concave, undulation medium, length 18-20, width 5-7, petiole 3-4 cm, tip acute, base broad, upper surface smooth, veins grooved, fragrance medium, new flush light pink.
Inflorescence: Medium to long, well branched, medium compact, medium pink, flower light pink.
Mature Fruit: Skin light green, size medium, ovate, neck absent, stalk medium to bold, cavity absent to weak, base obliquely round to flattened, apex round, left shoulder elevated, beak absent to weak, sinus weak to medium, fruit length 9-11, breadth 6-8, thickness 6-7 cm, weight 250-350g, skin medium smooth, bloom light to medium, lenticels density medium, size medium, conspicuous, whitish, store well.
Ripe Fruit: Light green turns yellow on over ripening, skin medium thin, flesh lemon yellow, texture firm, juice high, fibers scanty, fragrance medium, flavor good, very sweet, TSS 20-21%, acidity 0.18-0.19%.
Stone and Seed: Small, oblong, thin, medium ridged, fibers low, long, sparse on ventral edge, length 7-9, width 4-6, thickness 2-3 cm, seed medium, monoembryonic.
Yield: Good bearer.
Leading Characters: Langra: A chance seedling from Hajipur or Banaras area, medium early maturing mango, tree medium large, spreading, rounded, fruit medium, ovate, light green at maturity and ripening, sinus weak to medium, lenticels medium, conspicuous, skin smooth, flesh lemon yellow, texture firm, fibers scanty, juice high, flavor good, sweet, mild aromatic, stone thin, medium ridged, store well.

Sindhri

Origin and Adaptation: Sindhri a local selection, a chance seedling, most popular midseason variety grown throughout the mango tract.
Maintainer: MRI, Multan; HRI, Mirpurkhas; ARI, Tarnab (GPU, DIK).
Tree: Large growing, medium vigorous, medium branched, round, tendency for alternate bearing low.
Leaf: Foliage medium dense, green, leaf elliptical, midrib curvature medium, twisting weak, undulation slight, medium concave, length 16-20, width 4-7, petiole 3-4 cm, tip acute, base roundish, fragrance medium, new flush medium pink.
Inflorescence: Medium long, well branched, compact, stalk color greenish white, flower light green.
Mature Fruit: Light green, size medium large, ovalish oblong, neck very short, stalk cavity absent, base obliquely rounded, shoulders leveled, rounded right slightly higher than left, beak almost absent, rounded, sinus weak to medium, apex rounded to broadly pointed, fruit length 15-17, breadth 7-9, thickness 7-8 cm, weight 330-450g, skin smooth, bloom medium, lenticels medium dense, size medium, medium conspicuous, whitish.
Ripe Fruit: Skin light yellow, medium thick, leathery, adherence medium, flesh pale yellow, texture firm, very fine, less juicy, fibers rare, fine, flavor rich, aromatic, very sweet tasty, TSS 15-17%, acidity 0.14-0.16%.
Stone and Seed: Stone size medium long, thin, oblong to elliptical, deeply ridged, short and sparse fibers on ventral edge, length 10-12, width 3-5, thickness 2-3, seed size medium thin, mono-embryonic.
Yield: Good bearer.
Leading Characters: Sindhri: A local selection, one of the most popular early midseason varieties grown in Sindh and Punjab, matures about a fortnight early in Sindh than Multan area. tree large, moderately vigorous, canopy round, fruit medium large, ovalish oblong, color beautiful and attractive, lemon yellow, lenticels medium dense, medium conspicuous, flesh pale yellow, fibers scanty, flavor excellent, sweet, medium aromatic

Horticultural Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad 

Aalishan

Aalishanis a hybrid between two promising cultivars of mango i.e. Anwar Retual and Sanglakhi. A struggle was made to develop a hybrid of regular bearing nature, low in sugar contents, pulp with scanty fibers and esthetic bright yellow color to face the current challenges of the national as well as international market.

Rohaan

Rohaan is a hybrid between Dusehri and NeelumCvs. It is also regular bearer and possesses scanty fibers with TSS of 25% and acidity 0.18 %.

Hassan

Hassan is a hybrid of Chaunsa and Sensation. It is also regular bearer and possesses scanty fibers with TSS of 24% and acidity 0.19 %.