Sugarcane

Sugarcane is an important cash crop of Pakistan. It is mainly grown for sugar and sugary production. It is an important source of income and employment for the farming community of the country. It also forms essential item for industries like sugar, chip board, paper, barrages, confectionery, uses in chemicals, plastics, paints, synthetics, fiber, insecticides and detergents. Sugarcane production in the country has increased over time. In 1988, the area under sugarcane was 878 x 103 hectares which increased to 886 x 103 hectares in 1992 and sugarcane production increased for 36976 x 103 tons in 1988 to 38059 x 103 tons in 1992.Despite expansion in production over years, increase in the productivity per unit of area has been very low in Pakistan.The average sugarcane production in the country required static between 45-50 tons/ha, which is very much low compared to the cane production by other countries.

Sugarcane Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad

Variety

Year of release

Average yield (t ha-1)

Yield potential
(t ha-1)

Recovery
(%)

Old Sugarcane Varieties

CoL 29 1954 70 90 10.10
CoL 44 1954 75 95 8.93
CoL 54 1963 75 95 9.63
BL 19 1966 85 100 9.49
BL 4 1968 85 100 10.34
L 116 1973 75 90 10.81
L 118 1975 83 98 8.23
Triton 1983 85 105 10.10
CP 43-33 1990 80 90 11.69
BF 162 1996 90 110 10.35
CP 72-2086 1996 85 115 12.35

Presently Cultivated Sugarcane Varieties

CP 77-400 1996 90 120 11.90
CoJ 84 2000 90 115 9.80
SPF 213 2000 90 125 10.50
CPF 237 2000 95 120 12.50
SPF 234 2002 100 135 11.60
HSF 240 2002 95 145 11.70
HSF 242 2004 102 140 12.50
SPF 245 2006 100 130 11.00
CPF 243 2006 102 120 12.55
CPF 246 2011 120 160 12.15
CPF 247 2011 120 150 12.25
CPF 248 2013 120 150 12.71