Cereals and Pulses constitute an integral component of our daily diet. One of the four research sections of the Agronomic Research Institute at Faisalabad is situated near 212 Scheme Dijkot Road on the Tulwala Rajbah, about 3 kms away from the Clock Tower of the city. The total area of the Section is 26 Acres. The soils of the section are of sandy loam type with organic matter contents + 0.7% and are fit to cultivate all kinds of crops successfully. The scientists have engaged themselves in conducting research pursuits regarding physiological cum agronomic studies of cereals and pulses crops. As the climatic changes have necessitated the scientists to explore new vistas of adjustability of cereals and pulses in the existing cropping systems, the scientists are doing hectic exercises for exploring the same. Optimization of nutrients, irrigation, planting density, appropriate planting geometry in addition to the studies of phenological phases of plants and the necessary measures to be adopted to maximize farmer profit remains the focus of pursuits.
The mission of the section is to develop standard agronomic practices for major cereal and pulses crops to get maximum yield, standardizing management practices and cultural practices, scope of intercropping to increase per unit area income of the farmer, best time of sowing, optimum seed rate and spacing pattern of newly evolved varieties /lines of cereals and pulses, generation of independent data for approval of different crop varieties, dissemination of significant achievements to the farming community under changing cropping pattern.
Research on cereals & pulses crops is conducted with the following objectives:
- To develop standard agronomic practices for major cereals and pulses crops to get maximum yield
- To standardize management practices, cultural practices for cereals and pulses
- To find the scope of intercropping and relay cropping to increase per unit area income of the farmer
- To find out best sowing time, optimum seed rate, spacing pattern of newly evolved lines/varieties of cereals and pulses
- To develop the techniques/technologies aimed at increasing farmer’s income by optimizing farm resource use
- To determine water requirements, irrigation schedule and appropriate method of irrigation, fertilizer use for cereals & pulses crops
- To develop economically viable and technically feasible multiple cropping pattern i.e. mixed and intercropping patterns
- Standardization of suitable herbicide for cereals & pulses crops
- To work out the economy of cultivation of different crops under changing cropping pattern
On-Going Research Activities
Following are the research activities of the section:
- Maximizing farm productivity by intercropping of pulses, legumes, vegetables and oilseeds in sugarcane crop.
- WUE of direct seeded fine rice under various sowing techniques
- Effect of irrigation intensities on growth and yield of direct seeded fine rice
- Optimizing phosphorous and potash dose for enhancing yield of mungbean
- Productivity enhancement of transplanted fine rice after alfalfa
- Effect of sowing dates on yield of mungbean under rice wheat cropping system
- Productivity response of different spring maize hybrids to nitrogen sown after canola
- Yield response of transplanted fine rice to nitrogen sown after berseem
- Response of maize to nitrogen sown after berseem
- Influence of canola on yield of subsequently sown mungbean