Wheat Research Sub-Station Murree
It was established in 1995-96 under the ADP project entitled “research on wheat crop in Punjab”. This substation provides the opportunity to carry out the breeding and pathology research throughout the year. It provides the ideal condition for screening of advanced breeding material against new yellow, leaf rust and stem rust races, rust resistant gene population and identification of adult plant resistance genes. Double haploid technology is the latest wheat breeding tool to evolve new wheat varieties. This method is feasible and economical to develop wide diversified wheat material with desirable genetic back ground in the shortest period. As the work of double haploid need continuation in its process but during the month of May-July is not possible to continue at Faisalabad due to high temperature. Therefore this substation is inevitable for double haploid studies (wheat X Maize) also.
- To sustain food security in the country through development of high yielding, disease and climate resilient wheat, barley and durum varieties
- To conduct off-season trails of advanced generation of wheat and making necessary crosses.
- Seedling stage and field screening of advanced lines for rust diseases.
- Development of an efficient system for race analysis.
Following are the research activities,
Summer Wheat Screening Against Rusts
- The aim of this nursery is to screen the germplasm against rusts. Selected material is also harvested and sent back to WRI, Faisalabad.
Identification of Rust Races
- The rust specimens collected from various locations of Punjab are sent to Murree substation for race analysis.
- Inoculum Multiplication
- Inoculum is collected from Murree and Kaghan during summer season and multiplied at Faisalabad on Morocco (spreader). The rust spores trapped on early planted nursery are also multiplied and disseminated on filial generation (F1-F6) and on local & exotic nurseries for screening / selection of resistant wheat materials.
- Generation advancement
- Double haploid breeding system through wheat-maize crossing