Crops Impact

It is evident from the following table that the percent availability of crops has increased manifold, whereas, proportionately, the population has increased about 5 times. This enhancement in productivity is primarily due to the vertical expansion.

 

Crop

1947 - 48

2013 - 14

Area (000ha)

Production (000 Ton)

Yield (kg/ha)

Per Capita Availability (kg)

Area (ha)

Production

Yield

Per Capita Availability (kg)

Wheat

2900.9

2636.6

909

126.0

6511.27

18587.00

2855

189

Rice

268.7

253.0

942

12.0

1711.38

3478.00

2032

35

Seed Cotton Phutti (000 bales)

897.2

735.0

437

-

2308.68

9526.00

1980

-

Sugarcane

133.6

3971.7

29728

189.0

767.67

42982.00

55985

438

Potato

2.4

24.0

9884

1.1

162.56

3639.07

22386

37

Maize

168.8

167.6

993

8

587.70

3353.10

5705

34.1

Gram

631.3

356.6

565

17.0

908.05

691.00

761

7

Mango

(1957-58) 6.1

102.0

16803

4.9

109.14

1280.21

11730

13

Guava

(1957-58) 1.8

15.0

8480

0.7

53.38

379.39

7108

3.9

Citrus

(1957-58) 10.8

79.0

7311

3.8

183.30

1930.08

10530

19.7

 

Note: Per capita availability is calculated as production divided by population of the year, Import Export and other deductions are not included.